Conservation International and the WorldFish Center have issued a major report based upon Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) of Aquaculture as compared with other Center-of-the Plate animal protein production industries.

Citation: Hall, S.J., A. Delaporte, M. J. Phillips, M. Beveridge and M. O’Keefe. 2011. Blue Frontiers: Managing the Environmental Costs of Aquaculture. The WorldFish Center, Penang, Malaysia.

The complete report (41 MB) may be downloaded at:   or

We have posted the Executive Summary (4 pages) below.